Macular degeneration treatment

There is no cure for macular degeneration. However, the relevant studies have found that diet and lifestyle changes, including

Taking proper nutritional supplements may slow the deterioration of macular degeneration. In any diet or lifestyle change Apathy Depression.

Before the way, you should consult your doctor.

Dry macular degeneration can be cured?

There is no medicine can cure treatment for dry macular degeneration. Researchers are a lot of experiments RESEARCH

The study, hoping to find a cure.

Wet macular degeneration can be cured?

Currently, there are several medical treatments of wet macular degeneration means. These treatments cannot completely cure diseases of the eye, its head

The standard condition is stable, allowing patients to maintain optimum vision as long as the possible period of time. For some people such treatment can improve vision.

Wet macular degeneration is excessive blood vessel growth beneath the retina, leading to bleeding, bleed and cause scarring. This

These problems led to severe loss of central vision quickly. If not treated, it will become a permanent decline. Artery

Endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) leading to bleeding and angiogenesis major expansion protein. in order to slow or stop this process, the eyes may need to inject a variety of drugs aimed at blocking protein (called anti-vascular endothelial growth factor, or anti–VEGF). Clinical trials have shown that the use of anti-angiogenic factors After medication, the vast number of patients that can save vision.

This anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drugs intraocular injection administration. The initial treatment, usually a monthly injection Times, continuous injection of three months.

After injection of indefinite duration, in order to control diseases of the eye. Continuous infusion frequency on the individual circumstances of the patient, the patient decided after consultation with the ophthalmologist.

Lucentis® (ranibizumab)

Lucentis is registered in Australia for the first anti-angiogenic factor medicament for the treatment of wet age-related macular Degeneration (AMD). Drug Administration (Therapeutic Goods Administration) has been granted Quasi ranibizumab use. The drug in August 2007, included in the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme).

Eylea® (Appleby Sipp)

Eylea for the treatment of wet AMD and developed anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drugs in April 2012 in

Drug Administration (Therapeutic Goods Administration) registered and has included drugs

Benefit plan (Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme).

Avastin® (bevacizumab)

Avastin was originally developed for the treatment of certain cancers and to develop and register drugs. Pharmaceutical Administration

(Therapeutic Goods Administration) has not been officially registered and approved it can be used for eye treatment

Treatment, so-called “off-label” therapeutic agent in the treatment of wet macular degeneration. In Australia, Avastin

A typical use is for those who follow the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme), are not eligible to use the patient Lucentis or Eylea two approved drugs.


You should consult an eye doctor for information about the drugs which best suits your personal condition. However, whether you choose

Choose which drugs, the following applies:

■ The whole process is not very long, usually carried out in a specialist clinic. Some patients may also

It will be treated in day clinics.

■ To go to an ophthalmologist at the appointed time for treatment. Even vision seems to be no problem, do not absence.

Continued use Amsler Grid every day, observe their visual acuity. To the eye were measured two test. Observation during the injection treatment is very important, which is also included in the injection interval or increase after the injection is stopped.

Any sudden change in vision must be treated as an emergency, you should tell the ophthalmologist immediately, regardless of whether it is receiving injections. Do not wait until the next appointment time to take action.

Even stable or improved vision, treatment must be continued. Unless ophthalmologists recommend, not those who do not interrupt treatment. Injection treatment is often no time limit, the purpose is to maintain the vision.

Given the extraordinary injection therapy, if you have concerns about injection therapy, or after the injection occurs problem, we must promptly tell the ophthalmologist.

Visudyne® (verteporfin) photodynamic therapy (PDT)

Different vision and maintain anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drug effects, patients receiving PDT in the first six months, Vision will continue to decline. After the patient’s vision usually tends to become stable, and does not continue to deteriorate eyesight

Severely impaired. For this reason, PDT is generally not used for general treatment of AMD.

This treatment is sometimes with an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drugs simultaneously, mainly for people with vein Patients with neovascular macular degeneration, because this type of macular degeneration sometimes cannot completely rely on the anti-blood tube growth factor drugs to stabilize.

PDT is a two-stage treatment process to a photosensitive drug (Visudyne, Visudyne) with low pulse Chong cold laser embodiment. Abnormal area of the laser occurs in the retina, closed, terminate or slow down errors Often retinal development and expansion of blood vessels. Within 24-48 hours after the administration should avoid the sun.

Laser photocoagulation therapy

This therapy uses high-energy light beams of light focused heat retina and thus destroy and closure has exuded blood vessels.

The laser will not only destroy the emerging vascular leakage but also destroy new blood vessels near the retina. because Here, this treatment is mainly used for the treatment of non-central field of vision bottom of neovascularization, and these patients then cases small.

Because the disease recurrence rate of 50%, and therefore must be closely monitored after surgery by an ophthalmologist Views Police, in order to decide whether there is a need for further treatment.

Related wet macular degeneration treatment options, you should decide after discussion with the ophthalmologist.

Cope with vision loss

The challenge

As adapt to the new environment will take the time to adapt to vision loss is no exception. You have to pick from incredible a variety of different feelings that reality. Part first experience of vision loss will feel and live their daily lives Moving everywhere challenge.

However, relying on outside support and proper guidance, you can overcome these challenges, And to maintain the quality of life and independence.

Low Vision Response Plan

The first step to deal with life after vision loss is to control the situation. Develop a plan, consider how dimension

Support quality of life and independence, this is a very critical step. A good plan should include the following things


✓ detection and evaluation: their low vision to conduct a test and evaluation, which is to develop coping strategies

And personal support needed to start the best choice.

✓ guidance, advice, and support: a variety of low vision services solutions allow you to manage daily life, including

Including the use of auxiliary equipment and technology can help keep your quality of life and independence.

Hallucinations – Bonner syndrome

Visually impaired people will see visions, and also know that this is untrue, this phenomenon is generally described as

Bonner syndrome (Charles Bonnet Syndrome – CBS). Sometimes referred to as “phantom”

Sometimes also known as “ghosting”, these visions might be simple repeating pattern, it may be very detailed People, animals or image building. Severe loss of vision in humans, about 30% reported seeing very realistic And detailed illusion.

See phantom reason is when a person of vision loss, the brain tries to fill Movies as part of the vacancies, as compensation.

If you experience phantom appears, you must tell the ophthalmologist, this is very important. Foundation specially prepared Bonner information about a syndrome is available upon request.

Your family doctor can explain this information, Or to tell their friends and family, and other health care professionals.

Visual health checklist *

While you cannot change family history, you cannot stop aging, but the following suggestions may help you reduce

The risk of macular degeneration:

■ Check the eyes, but also to check the macula;

■ Do not smoke;

■ maintain a healthy lifestyle,

Weight control, regular exercise;

■ diet healthy and balanced diet;

■ 2-3 times a week to eat fish, eat dark green day

Fresh fruits and vegetables each week insisted

Eat some nuts. Control of fats and oils


■ possible, choose low glycemic index (GI) of

Carbohydrates, avoid high GI carbohydrates;

■ consult a doctor, consider taking some appropriate nutritional supplements;

■ Use the Amsler Grid detect macular degeneration symptoms every day;

■ adequate protection when exposed to sunlight the eyes of young people to do likewise.

* Before changing any diet or lifestyle, you should first get a doctor’s guidance.

Disclaimer: The contents of this manual at the time of publication Australia has macular degeneration Foundation confirmed correct. While we strive in the preparation of this manual carefully, but

The reader should consult a doctor to get medicine advice. Australia macular degeneration Foundation for any errors or omissions in this publication exists is not responsible for the interruption of service,

Utilization and losses resulting from the use of this publication and also takes no responsibility for, and makes no warranty relates to this publication, express or implied.